Similitudes y diferencias entre Redes de Sensores Inalámbricas e Internet de las Cosas: Hacia una postura clarificadora

  • Johan Smith Rueda Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6715-8353
  • Jesús Martín Talavera Portocarrero Universidad Federal de Río de Janeiro
Palabras clave: Aplicaciones distribuídas, Internet de las Cosas, Redes de sensores inalámbricas

Resumen

Las redes de sensores inalámbricas (WSN) e Internet de las Cosas (IoT) son dos áreas de estudio que comparten entre sí ser una infraestructura de red autónoma, en la cual se interconectan objetos para medir variables físicas y dar solución a problemas en una variedad de escenarios de aplicación, como logística, industria, construcciones inteligentes, seguridad, agricultura, entre otros. Esta semejanza suscita una ambigüedad en el uso que la comunidad académica hace de los términos, WSN e IoT, y hace borrosa la línea de dónde pertenecen las contribuciones que se realizan en cada una de estas áreas. En consecuencia, el objetivo de este artículo es analizar la relación, similitud y diferencias entre WSN e IoT en torno a cinco temas: conceptos, requisitos generales, arquitecturas, aplicaciones y tratamiento de datos. A pesar de que WSN e IoT tienen un origen en común, sus enfoques son diferentes en varios aspectos que permiten aclarar la ambigüedad suscita entre la comunidad académica.

Descargas

La descarga de datos todavía no está disponible.

Biografía del autor/a

Johan Smith Rueda, Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga

Asistente investigador del Centro de Excelencia y Apropiación en Internet de las Cosas, CEA-IoT. Estudiante de maestría en telemática en la Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga - UNAB. Especialista en Auditoria de Sistemas (2016) e Ingeniero de Sistemas de la Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander – Ocaña, (2015). Sus intereses investigativos incluyen seguridad de la información, ciberseguridad, auditoria de TI e IoT.

Jesús Martín Talavera Portocarrero, Universidad Federal de Río de Janeiro

Integrante del Laboratorio de investigación en fusión de datos, información y conocimiento de la Universidad Federal de Río de Janeiro, Brasil. Doctor en Informática, Universidad Federal de Rio de Janeiro (2016), RJ-Brasil. Magister en Ciencia de la Computación, Universidad Federal de Sao Carlos (2010), SP-Brasil. Ingeniero de Sistemas, Universidad Católica de Santa María (2006), Perú. Sus intereses investigativos incluyen sistemas middleware para WSN, IoT y arquitecturas de software.

Referencias

[1] R. Wesson, F. Hayes-Roth, J. W. Burge, C. Stass y C. A. Sunshine, «Network Structures for Distributed Situation Assessment,» IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, vol. 11, nº 1, pp. 5 - 23, 1981.

[2] C.-Y. Chong, K.-C. Chang y S. Mori, «Distributed Tracking in Distributed Sensor Networks,» de American Control Conference, 1986, Seattle, WA, USA, 1986.

[3] C.-Y. Chong, S. Mori y K. Chang, «Information fusion in distributed sensor networks,» de American Control Conference, Boston, MA, 1985.

[4] C. Chong, S. Mori, E. Tse y R. Wishner, «Distributed Estimation in Distributed Sensor Networks,» de American Control Conference, 1982, Arlington, VA, USA, 1982.

[5] International Telecommunication Union, «Serie Y.2121: Requirements for support of ubiquitous sensor network (USN) applications and services in the NGN environment,» Telecomunication Standardization Sector of ITU, 2010.

[6] International Telecommunication Union, «Requirements for support of ubiquitous sensor network (USN) applications and services in the NGN environment (Y.2221),» Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU , 2010.

[7] I. Akyildiz, W. Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam y E. Cayirci, «Wireless sensor networks: a survey,» Computer Networks, vol. 38, pp. 393-422, 2002.

[8] X. Chen, X. Wang y X. Chen, «Energy-Efficient Optimization for Wireless Information and Power Transfer in Large-Scale MIMO Systems Employing Energy Beamforming,» IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, vol. 2, nº 6, pp. 667 - 670, 2013.

[9] M. Magno , D. Boyle, D. Brunelli y E. Popovici, «Ensuring Survivability of Resource-Intensive Sensor Networks Through Ultra-Low Power Overlays,» IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 10, nº 2, pp. 946 - 956, 2014.

[10] H. Zainol Abidin, N. M. Din y Y. E. Jalil, «Multi-objective Optimization (MOO) approach for sensor node placement in WSN,» de 7th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS), Carrara, VIC, 2013.

[11] G. Jayamurugan y P. Kamalakkannan, «Position-based Key Sharing with Higher Connectivity and Multivariate Optimized Resource Consumption in WSN,» Indian Journal fo Science & Technology, vol. 8, nº 35, pp. 1-9, 2015.

[12] «Restoring connectivity in a resource constrained WSN,» Journal of Network and Computer Applications, p. 151–165, 2016.

[13] LoRa Alliance, «A technical overview of LoRa® and LoRaWAN™,» Technical Marketing Workgroup 1.0, 2015.

[14] ZigBee Alliance, «The ZigBee Alliance,» [En línea]. Available: http://www.zigbee.org/.

[15] IEEE, «IEEE 802.15.4 Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Part 15.4: Wireless Medium Access Specifications for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs),» IEEE Computer Society, New York, USA, 2003.

[16] S. Kumar Singh , M. P. Singh y D. Singh, «Routing Protocols in Wireless Sensor Networks – A Survey,» International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Survey (IJCSES), vol. 1, nº 2, pp. 63-83, 2010.

[17] J. M. Portocarrero, F. C. Delicato, P. P. F., N. Gámez, L. Fuentes, D. Ludovino y P. Ferreira, «Autonomic Wireless Sensor Networks: A Systematic Literature Review,» Journal of Sensors, vol. 2014, pp. 1-13, 2014.

[18] International Telecommunication Union, «Applications of Wireless Sensor Networks in Next Generation Networks,» Telecommucation Standardization Sector, 2014, 2014.

[19] S. M. Abd El-kader y B. M. Mohammad El-Basioni, «Precision farming solution in Egypt using the wireless sensor network technology,» Egyptian Informatics Journal, vol. 14, nº 3, p. 221–233, 2013.

[20] Aqeel-ur-Rehman, A. Z. Abbasi, N. Islam y Z. Ahmed Shaikh, «A review of wireless sensors and networks' applications in agriculture,» Computer Standards & Interfaces, vol. 36, nº 2, p. 263–270, 2014.

[21] B. M. Mohammad El-Basioni, S. M. Abd El-kader y M. Abdelmonim Fakhreldin, «Smart Home Design using Wireless Sensor Network and Biometric Technologies,» International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM), vol. 2, nº 3, 2013.

[22] N. Mitton, S. Papavassiliou, A. Puliafito y K. S. Trivedi, «Combining Cloud and sensors in a smart city environment,» EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, pp. 1-10, 2012.

[23] J. Chinrungrueng, U. Sunantachaikul y S. Triamlumlerd, «Smart Parking: An Application of Optical Wireless Sensor Network,» de International Symposium on Applications and the Internet Workshops, 2007. SAINT Workshops 2007, Hiroshima, 2007.

[24] N. Xu, S. Rangwala, K. Kant Chintalapudi , D. Ganesan, A. Broad, R. Govindan y D. Estrin, «A wireless sensor network For structural monitoring,» de SenSys '04 Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on Embedded networked sensor systems, New York, USA, 2004.

[25] S. Pakzad, G. Fenves, S. Kim y D. Culler, «Design and Implementation of Scalable Wireless Sensor Network for Structural Monitoring,» Journal of Infrastructure Systems, vol. 14, 2008.

[26] T. Torfs , T. Sterken, S. Brebels, J. Santana, R. van den Hoven, V. Spiering, N. Bertsch, D. Trapani y D. Zonta, «Low Power Wireless Sensor Network for Building Monitoring,» IEEE Sensors Journal, vol. 13, nº 3, pp. 909 - 915, 2013.

[27] M. Li y H.-J. Lin, «Design and Implementation of Smart Home Control Systems Based on Wireless Sensor Networks and Power Line Communications,» IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 62, nº 7, pp. 4430 - 4442, 2015.

[28] J. Yang, J. Zhou, Z. Lv, W. Wei y H. Song, «A Real-Time Monitoring System of Industry Carbon Monoxide Based on Wireless Sensor Networks,» Sensors , vol. 15, nº 11, 2015.

[29] J. Wang, H. Wang, J. He, L. Li, M. Shen, X. Tan, H. Min y L. Zheng, «Wireless sensor network for real-time perishable food supply chain management,» Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, vol. 110, p. 196–207, 2015.

[30] F. M. Al-Turjman, H. S. Hassanein y M. A. Ibnkahlab, «Efficient deployment of wireless sensor networks targeting environment monitoring applications,» Computer Communications, vol. 36, nº 1, p. 135–148, 2013.

[31] M. Pejanović Đurišić, Z. Tafa, G. Dimić y V. Milutinović, «A survey of military applications of wireless sensor networks,» de Mediterranean Conference on Embedded Computing (MECO), Bar, 2012.

[32] X. Yu, P. Weller y K. Grattan, «A WSN healthcare monitoring system for elderly people in geriatric facilities,» Digital Healthcare Empowering Europeans, 2015.

[33] L. Catarinucci, D. De Donno, L. Mainetti, L. Palano y L. Patrono, «Integration of UHF RFID and WSN technologies in healthcare systems,» de RFID Technology and Applications Conference (RFID-TA), IEEE, Tampere, 2014.

[34] A. Somov, A. Baranov, D. Spirjakin, A. Spirjakin, V. Sleptsov y R. Passerone, «Deployment and evaluation of a wireless sensor network for methane leak detection,» Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, vol. 202, p. 217–225, 2013.

[35] X. Niu, X. Huang , Z. Zhao, Y. Zhang, C. Huang y L. Cui, «The Design and Evaluation of a Wireless Sensor Network for Mine Safety Monitoring,» de IEEE GLOBECOM 2007 - IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference, Washington, DC, 2007.

[36] International Telecommunication Union, «Series Y: Global Information Infrastructure, Internet Protocol Aspects and Next-Generation Networks (Y.2060),» Telecommunication Standardization Sector of ITU, 2012.

[37] F. Zhang, «Research on Applications of Internet of Things in Agriculture,» de Informatics and Management Science VI, 2013, pp. 69-75.

[38] L. Sánchez, L. Muñoz, J. A. Galache, P. Sotres, J. R. Santana, V. Gutierrez, R. Ramdhany, A. Gluhak, S. Krco, E. Theodoridis y D. Pfisterer, «SmartSantander: IoT experimentation over a smart city testbed,» Computer Networks, vol. 61, p. 217–238, 2014.

[39] L. Ding, Z. C., Q. Deng, H. B. Luo, Y. X.W., Y. Q. Ni y P. Guo, «Real-time safety early warning system for cross passage construction in Yangtze Riverbed Metro Tunnel based on the internet of things,» Automation in Construction, vol. 36, p. 25–37, 2013.

[40] R. Piyare, «Internet of Things: Ubiquitous Home Control and Monitoring System using Android based Smart Phone,» International Journal of Internet of Things, vol. 2, nº 1, pp. 5-11, 2013.

[41] L. Da Xu , W. He y S. Li, «Internet of Things in Industries: A Survey,» IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 10, nº 4, pp. 2233 - 2243, 2014.

[42] J. Jiang y K. Su, «Management Platform Architecture of Modern Tobacco Logistics Based on Internet of Things Technologies,» de LISS 2012, 2013, pp. 1403-1409.

[43] F. Lao y G. Xin Li, «The Design and Implementation of Crop Growing Environment Monitoring System Based on the Internet of Things,» Advanced Materials Research, Vols. %1 de %2912-914, pp. 1440-1443, 2014.

[44] Z. Kang-yi, A. Zhi-gang, T. Chang-chun, B. Heng-guang y F. Go, «Application of Internet of Things in Military,» Internet of Things Technologies, 2012.

[45] F. Hu, D. Xie y S. Shen, «On the Application of the Internet of Things in the Field of Medical and Health Care,» de Green Computing and Communications (GreenCom), 2013 IEEE and Internet of Things (iThings/CPSCom), IEEE International Conference on and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing, Beijing, 2013.

[46] C. Du y S. Zhu, «Research on Urban Public Safety Emergency Management Early Warning System based on Technologies for the Internet of Things,» Procedia Engineering, vol. 45, pp. 748-754, 2012.

[47] J. Yick, B. Mukherjee y D. Ghosal, «Wireless sensor network survey,» Computer Networks, vol. 52, p. 2292–2330, 2008.

[48] Gartner, «The Internet of Things and Related Definitions,» 2014.

[49] GSMA, «Understanding the Internet of Things (IoT),» GSMA Head Office, New Fetter Lane, London, UK, 2014.

[50] CERP-IoT, «Internet of Thing. Strategic Research Roadmap,» 2009.

[51] CASAGRAS, «RFID and tje Inclusive Model for the Internet of Things,» 2009.

[52] S. Hadim y N. Mohamed, «Middleware for Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,» de 1st International Conference on Communication Systems Software & Middleware, New Delhi, 2006.

[53] S. Hadim y N. Mohamed, «Middleware: Middleware Challenges and Approaches for Wireless Sensor Networks,» IEEE Distributed Systems Online , vol. 7, nº 3, pp. 1-23, 2006.

[54] E. Borgia, «The Internet of Things vision: Key features, applications and open issues,» Computer Communications, p. 1–31, 2014.

[55] IoT World Forum, «IoT Reference Model Whitepaper,» 2014.

[56] Industrial Internet Consortium, «Industrial Internet Reference Architecture,» 2015.

[57] International Electrotechnical Commussion, «Internet of Thing: Wireless Sensor Networks,» Wireless Sensor Networks Project Team, Geneva, Switzerland.

[58] I. Lee y K. Lee, «TheInternetofThings(IoT):Applications, investments, and challenges for enterprises,» Business Horizons, vol. 58, p. 431—440, 2015.

[59] Bluetooth Inc, «Bluetooth core specification,» Bluetooth SIG, Inc., 2016. [En línea]. Available: https://www.bluetooth.com/specifications/bluetooth-core-specification.

[60] 3GPP, «General Packet Radio Service (GPRS); Service description; Stage 2,» The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), 2016. [En línea]. Available: http://www.3gpp.org/dynareport/23060.htm.

[61] P. Thubert, A. Brandt, J. Hui, R. Kelsey, P. Levis, K. Pister, R. Struik, J. Vasseur y R. Alexander, «RFC 6550: RPL: IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Networks,» Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) , 2012.

[62] N. Kushalnagar, G. Montenegro y C. Schumacher, «RFC 4919: IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPANs): Overview, Assumptions, Problem Statement, and Goals,» Network Working Group , 2007.

[63] W3C, «REST,» 2011. [En línea]. Available: https://www.w3.org/2001/sw/wiki/REST.

[64] Z. Shelby, K. Hartke y C. Bormann, «RFC 7250: The Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP),» Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) , 2014.

[65] International Organization for Standardization, «ISO/IEC 20922:2016 - Information technology -- Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT) v3.1.1,» 2010.

[66] P. Saint-Andre, «RFC 6120: Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP): Core,» Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), 2011.

[67] W3C, «Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Fifth Edition),» 2008.

[68] T. Bray, «RFC 7159: The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data Interchange Format,» Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) , 2014.

[69] K. Lingaraj, R. V. Biradar y V. C. & Patil, «A Survey on Middleware Challenges and Approaches for Wireless Sensor Networks,» de Computational Intelligence and Communication Networks (CICN), 2015 International Conference on, 2015.

[70] B. Bhuyan, H. K. Deva Sarma y N. Sarma, «A Survey on Middleware for Wireless Sensor Networks,» Journal of Wireless Networking and Communications, vol. 4, nº 1, pp. 7-17, 2014.

[71] M. T. Wang, J. S. Wei, Y. H. Pan y Z. & Wei, «Study on Data Fusion Techniques in Wireless Sensor Networks,» de 6th International Asia Conference on Industrial Engineering and Management Innovation, 2016.

[72] A. Tripathi, S. Gupta y B. Chourasiya, «Survey on Data Aggregation Techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks,» de International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, 2014.

[73] P. Jesus, C. Baquero y P. S. Almeida, «A Survey of Distributed Data Aggregation Algorithms,» IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 17, nº 1, pp. 381 - 404, 2014.

[74] S. Deering y R. Hinden, «RFC 2460: Internet Protocol, Version 6 (IPv6) Specification,» Network Working Group, 1998.

[75] B. Bosančić, «Information in the Knowledge Acquisition Process,» Journal of Documentation, 2016.

[76] J. A. Manrique, J. S. Rueda-Rueda, and J. M. T. Portocarrero, “Contrasting Internet of Things and Wireless Sensor Network from a conceptual overview,” in Internet of Things (iThings) and IEEE Green Computing and Communications (GreenCom) and IEEE Cyber, Physical and Social Computing (CPSCom) and IEEE Smart Data (SmartData), 2016 IEEE International Conference on, 2016, pp. 252–257.

[77] H. B. Pandya y T. A. Champaneria, «Internet of things: Survey and case studies,» de International Conference on Electrical, Electronics, Signals, Communication and Optimization (EESCO), 2015 , Visakhapatnam, 2015.

[78] IEEE, «Towards a Definition of the Internet of Things (IoT),» IEEE Internet of Things, 2015.

[79] CERP-IoT: Cluster of European Research Projects on the Internet of Things, «Vision and Challenges for Realising the Internet of Things,» European Commission - Information Society and Media DG , Brussels, 2010.

[80] Acemap Inc, «Acemap, Academic Paper Recommendation,» Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2016. [En línea]. Available: http://acemap.sjtu.edu.cn/.

[81] Acemap Inc, «Development and Trends on Wireless Sensor Network,» Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Julio 2016. [En línea]. Available: http://acemap.sjtu.edu.cn/topic/topicpage?topicID=017737EA. [Último acceso: Julio 2016].

[82] Acemap Inc., «Development and Trends on Internet of Things,» Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Julio 2016. [En línea]. Available: http://acemap.sjtu.edu.cn/topic/topicpage?topicID=04E11757. [Último acceso: Julio 2016].
Cómo citar
Rueda, J., & Talavera Portocarrero, J. (2017). Similitudes y diferencias entre Redes de Sensores Inalámbricas e Internet de las Cosas: Hacia una postura clarificadora. Revista Colombiana De Computación, 18(2), 58-74. https://doi.org/10.29375/25392115.3218
Publicado: 2017-12-01
Sección
Artículo de investigación científica y tecnológica