Influencia del bienestar psicológico y subjetivo en el afrontamiento, los hábitos de estudio y uso de TICS en estudiantes universitarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19

Palabras clave: Salud Mental, Ajuste Emocional, Educación, Adaptación Psicológica, COVID-19

Resumen

Introducción. Los modelos salutogénico y biopsicosocial fomentan la promoción del bienestar. Estudios reconocen que favorece los hábitos de estudio. Ante la pandemia por COVID-19, los cambios llevaron a investigar si el bienestar influye en el afrontamiento, los hábitos de estudio y el uso de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC) en estudiantes universitarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Metodología. Se realizó una investigación cuantitativa, correlacional y transversal con estudiantes de pregrado de diferentes niveles socioeconómicos, de dos instituciones privadas de Bogotá, Colombia. Los datos se analizaron a través del enfoque de mínimos cuadrados parciales del modelo de ecuaciones estructurales. Resultados. Participaron 212 estudiantes cuyas edades estaban entre 18 y 30 años (M=22.74 y DE= 5.55). Se cumplió el modelo con una Raíz Cuadrada Media Estandarizada de 0.079. Los coeficientes de ruta β y el estadístico t evidenciaron relaciones positivas y significativas entre el bienestar psicológico y el afrontamiento adecuado (β=0.50, t=6.75, P=0.000), los hábitos de estudio (β= 0.49, t=5.49, P=0.000) y el uso de las TIC (β=0.29, t=2.70, P=0.007), y negativas con el afrontamiento inadecuado (β=-0.35, t=4.28, P=0.000). También entre el bienestar subjetivo y el afrontamiento inadecuado (β=-0.23, t=2.76, P=0.006) y los hábitos de estudio (β=-0.21, t=2.09, P=0.037). Discusión. Se validan hallazgos de otras investigaciones sobre la influencia del bienestar para favorecer la salud mental. Conclusiones. Se evidenciaron relaciones positivas y significativas entre el bienestar y el afrontamiento adecuado, los hábitos de estudio y el uso de las TIC, y negativas con el afrontamiento inadecuado.

Biografía del autor/a

Yaneth Urrego-Betancourt, Universidad Piloto de Colombia

Psicóloga, Especialista en Psicología de la Salud, Especialista en Docencia Universitaria, Especialista en Administración Hospitalaria y Gerencia de proyectos, Magíster en Psicología, Doctorado en Psicología. Universidad Piloto de Colombia. Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia.

John Alexander Castro Muñoz, Universidad Piloto de Colombia

Psicólogo, Magíster en Psicología. Universidad Piloto de Colombia. Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia.

Carlos Enrique Garavito-Ariza, Universidad Piloto de Colombia

Psicólogo, Magíster en Educación, Candidato a Doctor en Gerencia de Proyectos. Universidad Piloto de Colombia. Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia.

Charles Romel Yáñez-Botello , Fundación Universitaria Sanitas

Psicólogo, Licenciado en Filosofía, Especialista en Psicología Clínica, Magíster en Psicología. Fundación Universitaria Sanitas. Bogotá, Cundinamarca, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Urrego-Betancourt Y, Castro Muñoz JA, Garavito-Ariza CE, Yáñez-Botello CR. Influencia del bienestar psicológico y subjetivo en el afrontamiento, los hábitos de estudio y uso de TICS en estudiantes universitarios durante la pandemia por COVID-19. MedUNAB [Internet]. 27 de septiembre de 2022 [citado 7 de diciembre de 2022];25(2):176-92. Disponible en: https://revistas.unab.edu.co/index.php/medunab/article/view/4426

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Publicado
2022-09-27